The multiplicity of historical monuments from the Sassanid era compared to those from the Parthian period shows that construction activities was quite extensive at that time.
The city of Bishabour, located 22kms north of Kazeroun in the southern province of Fars, which was founded by the first Sassanid king, is a symbol of the Sassanid architectural masterpieces in urban development, IRNA wrote.
Addressing a recent gathering, faculty member of the Research Center for Historical-Cultural Buildings and Textures Alireza Shah-Mohammadpour referred to the features of historical monuments in Iran in pre- and post-Islamic periods, including in Bishabour, and pointed to the Sassanid architecture as one of the most important architectural characteristics in the pre-Islamic era.
Pointing to urban development during the Sassanid era, he said following the collapse of the Parthian rule by Ardeshir Babakan, in early third century CE, the Sassanid dynasty came to power. Several historical monuments from that historical period in comparison with the Parthian era indicate that the extent of construction activities during that period, particularly the establishment of cities, forts, bridges and dams underwent quite a significant growth.
According to the researcher, most cities in that period had been built on a strip between the Persian Gulf and the southern and southwestern Zagros mountain range which linked the Strait of Hormuz to Mesopotamia and thence to Tisfoun.
Underlining that the city of Bishabour was built upon the order of the first Sassanid king, Shah-Mohammadpour noted that the city enjoyed unique characteristics such as the documentary about the establishment of the city. He listed the statue of Shapour I, which stands 7.5 meter high, as the only one of a king in the pre-Islamic era. There are also bas reliefs depicting major events during the Sassanid era, mosaic designs which were used in pavements as well as specific establishments such as the Anahita Temple and the Cruciferous Palace, he noted.
Although Grishman had attributed the city of Bishabour to Hippodamus and the Roman architecture, he argued that on the basis of studies conducted, this theory is not correct in view of the evidence obtained from the vestiges of the Islamic period and based on the lines of surface architecture pertaining to the structural designs of the Sassanid period, a definitive opinion can be expressed.